Editor's note: This piece orginally ran in March 2012.
Last Friday, numerous tornadoes carved a swath of devastating destruction across four states in the south and Midwest. The death toll rose to 39, with dozens more injured. Stephanie Decker lost both her legs while protecting her children as a tornado flattened their home. “I assumed I was safe and I heard the roar like a train, and I heard it behind me, and I knew it was coming,” she later recalled.
For families across the United States, tornadoes and severe storms throughout the spring months can pose a serious threat. But a few simple steps can help individuals to stay equipped for natural disasters. Is your family prepared? Glance through this short checklist for practical tips and resources to build a disaster preparedness kit, learn more about tornado safety, and stay up to date on the best course of action when a storm strikes near you.
1. Get Informed
Take some time to think through your family's disaster preparedness plan. Ready.gov offers numerous resources to help families prepare for tornadoes, earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, and other natural disasters. The site has published a comprehensive manual detailing how to get prepared – and stay safe – in an emergency situation. “You may need to survive on your own after a disaster,” according to Are You Ready? An In-depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness. That's why the 204-page guide exists. “The focus of the content is on how to develop, practice, and maintain emergency plans that reﬂect what must be done before, during, and after a disaster to protect people and their property,” according to Ready.gov. “Also included is information on how to assemble a disaster supplies kit that contains the food, water, and other supplies in sufﬁcient quantity for individuals and their families to survive following a disaster in the event they must rely on their own resources.”
2. Make a Plan
Don't wait until disaster strikes to come up with a plan of action. Sit down with your family, and discuss designating a storm shelter and fire escape route, as well as how to handle family communication after a disaster. Make sure that insurance policies and other important records are in a safe place. Plan for shutting off utilities after a disaster, if necessary, and handling pet care if you have animals. Find a time for family members to learn first aid and CPR, and keep certifications up to date.
3. Build a Disaster Preparation Kit
Think ahead by assembling a disaster preparation kit. Ready.gov suggests that families set aside three day's worth of food and water. (Bottled water is the best option for long-term water storage.) When it comes to food, Are You Ready suggests avoiding foods that will make you thirsty. “Choose salt-free crackers, whole grain cereals, and canned foods with high liquid content. Stock canned foods, dry mixes, and other staples that do not require refrigeration, cooking, water, or special preparation.”
In addition to a three-day supply of food and water, Ready.gov recommends that families obtain a portable, battery-powered radio or television and extra batteries, a flashlight and extra batteries, a first aid kit and manual, sanitation and hygiene items, matches, a whistle, extra clothing, kitchen accessories and cooking utensils, including a can opener, copies of credit and identiﬁcation cards, cash and coins, special needs items, such as prescription medications, eye glasses, contact lens solutions, and hearing aid batteries, items for infants, such as formula, diapers, bottles, and paciﬁers.
4. Designate a Safe Shelter
“Although severe tornadoes are more common in the Plains States, tornadoes have been reported in every state,” according to the American Red Cross. That's why experts recommend that families designate a tornado and severe storm shelter. The Red Cross says that the safest shelter is an underground basement, but if no underground shelter is available, “a small, windowless interior room or hallway on the lowest level of a sturdy building is the safest alternative.” It is important to note, however, that no room – even an interior room – in a mobile home is safe during a tornado. In fact, the Red Cross says that if you have access to a sturdy building or even a vehicle, “abandon your mobile home immediately.”
Designate a shelter for your family, and make sure that every member of your family knows exactly where to go during a severe storm or tornado. If you are caught outdoors and cannot get to a sturdy shelter or basement in time, a recent study suggests that your vehicle is the best place to be. “Get into a vehicle, buckle your seat belt and try to drive at right angles to the storm movement and out of the path [of the storm],” according to the Red Cross.
5. Stay Alert
March is Red Cross Month, and it's the perfect time to make sure that your family is prepared for any emergency. “We’re approaching the anniversary of the April 2011 tornadoes that devastated our state,” says Mie Lucas, Emergency Services Director for the American Red Cross in Augusta, Georgia. “While we hope that shelters won’t be necessary this season, the Red Cross continues to test and improve our shelter plans in preparation for the next big disaster so we that can provide the highest level of service in our communities.”
After making a disaster plan, building a preparation kit, and designating a shelter, be sure that your family implements strong awareness strategies, such as paying attention to weather reports, ensuring that fire alarms are working, and remaining alert and vigilant in case of an emergency. Lucas says it is vital for families across the country to implement a safety strategy. “During Red Cross Month, we’re urging families to join us in taking steps to prepare for spring disasters by making a plan, building a kit of supplies, and being informed,” she says.
Kristin Wright is a contributing writer at Crosswalk.com, where she covers topics related to human rights, international travel, social justice, women's issues, religious freedom, and refugee resettlement. For further articles, visit her website at kristinbutler.net or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Publication date: March 8, 2012